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Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal and Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe

By |   Taha Muzzamil Wani                                                                                                 

Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal was born on  9 Nov. 1877 AD in the city of Sialkot(British India). His descendants migrated from district Kulgam of South Kashmir towards Sialkot Punjab.Dr Iqbal in his writings shows great pride on his genealogy of Kashmiris Saprus. Iqbal is renowned and known as a great philosopher, poet, politician, peer, and sage of his time. In 1922 AD, he was awarded with the Knighthood of British Empire and a title of Sir was honored to his scholarship. He is also known with the title of Hakeem Ul Ummah(Sage of the Muslim community), and Lisan Ul Asar(Peer of the age).He has authored more than 15 books on different philosophical ideas. His major contribution in philosophy is, the concept of selfness (Khudi), Insani-Kamil (the perfect man). The reconstruction of religious thought in Islam is considered as magnum opus in the history of Islamic philosophy. Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal passed away on 21st April 1938.  Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe was born on 28 Aug.1749. In the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire. He was one the best known among German poets. He is also known as a novelist, playwright, natural philosopher, and diplomat.  His works are of different dimensions. Including four novels, epic and lyrical poetry, prose and dramas, memoirs, an autobiography, literary and aesthetic criticism and many books on biology, anatomy and color .Further more Goethe has written more than 10,000 letters. His three thousand drawings still survive in museums. He died on 22nd of August 1832 at the age of 82 years in Weimar, Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and German Confederation.Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal has remained well known picture in the modern day philosophy. His idea of philosophical notions is not limited up to lucid exaggerations. It needs a higher scholarship and a higher level of understanding to comment on the Iqbalian studies. Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal wrote his book, ‘Payamme Mashriq’ (Message from the East) and published in 1923 AD. This book was written as a message for West. Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal dedicated this book to Amir Ammanullah Khan (Waaliye Afghanistan, Khuldillah Mulki  Jalalahu). Message from the East, is a reply to West Ost-Licher Divan of Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe. This Movement is nowadays known as Tehreek-i-Mashraqia(The Eastern Movement).Dr. Iqbal and Goethe has many things in common. They both are great philosophers of their times. Both of them are poets. Both of the were understood as sages of their ages. Both Dr. Iqbal and Goethe carve new ideas of whimsical and poetical creativeness. Both are like like flying  butterflies, who are in the love of their Mehboob (lover) trying to persuade their lover (candle) to burn them in their levels of Ishq (love). Goethe books has been published by  P. F. Collier and sons, New York  in 1890 AD. The first title which is famous with the name of Goethe’s  Autobiography was translated by John Oxenford. He selected the dramas, works and poetry of Goethe and named this collection as, ‘The complete works of Johann Wolfgang Goethe in ten volumes’. Goethe loved the Persian poetry of  Hafiz Shirazi and Shiekh Sadi. Thomas Carlyle, nineteenth century British philosopher and Orientalist in his Introduction to John Oxenford’s translation  of Goethe’s collection wrote,‘‘It would appear that for inquirers into Foreign Literature, for all men anxious to see and understand the European world as it lies around them, a great problem is presented in this Goethe; a singular, highly significant phenomenon, and now also means more or less complete for ascertaining its significance. A man of wonderful, nay, unexampled reputation and intellectual influence among forty millions of reflective, serious and cultivated men, invites us to study him; and to determine for ourselves , whether and how far  much influence has been salutary, such reputation merited. That this call will one day be answered, that Goethe will be seen and judged of in his real character among us, appears certain enough. His name, long familiar everywhere, has now awakened the attention of critics in all European countries to his works: he is studied wherever true study exist: eagerly studied even in France; nay, some considerable knowledge of his nature and spiritual importance seems already to prevail there.’’                               The complete works of Johann Wolfgang  Von Goethe in ten volumes, translated by John Oxenford , P. F. Collier and Sons, Newyork, Page No: in.                           Witness Le Tasse, Drame par Duval, and the criticisms on it . See also the essays in the Globe, Nos.  55, 64 (1826), Goethe-1, Volume-1. 

(Taha Muzzamil Wani is pursuing his  P.hD  degree in English from Faculty of English, OPJS University, Churu, Rajasthan he can be contacted at +91 9541718427).